companies that comprised the 2nd Mississippi were raised
in the then four counties that made up the northeastern corner of
the state - Tishomingo,
Following the Civil War, these counties were partitioned into several
new ones that, in addition to the four "old" counties
above, include all or parts of these "new" counties: Alcorn,
Mississippi map, circa 1895. Note: hyperlinked map is large
size - 657kB. Old county lines are approximate only. Towns close
to a line could have actually existed slightly to either side).
the addition of Company L in April 1862, the 2nd Mississippi
contained eleven companies instead of the usual complement of ten
per regiment. You will note that there is no "lettered"
Company J. Although there are several arguments as to why this long-standing
tradition exists within the military, just rest assured that my
compiled roster does not, in fact, skip a company! In addition to
the eleven lettered company rosters, there is a separate roster
for the Field and Staff of the regiment and a roster for individuals
for which a company could not be identified.
regarding the military record summaries: The information obtained
on the members of the 2nd Mississippi in almost all cases
comes only from their Compiled Military Service Records (CMSR) as
recorded on microfilm in the National Archives. The information
provided was generally transcribed "as is." However it
became clear as the research was continuing that the company commanders
and regimental staff in some circumstances were often uninformed
as to the true status of members of the regiment, particularly those
who were furloughed home to recover from wounds, for instance. It
must be recalled that for a large part of the war, northern Mississippi
was essentially under occupation by Federal forces. Even though
Federal soldiers were not always in evidence in all communities
at all times, periodic "sweeps" by cavalry and infantry
would be conducted to round up Confederate soldiers. Thus, recuperating
members of the regiment often would be seized by these sweeps and
sent to northern prison camps. Because of the poor communications
from within Federally occupied parts of the Confederacy back to
the Confederate authorities, the regiment often never received word
as to the true status of these men. The company commanders therefore,
had no choice but to record the men as "absent without leave"
(AWOL) or to presume in some cases that they had actually deserted.
In fact, during the Civil War, the term "AWOL" did not
seem to carry the stigma that we tend to associate with the term
today. Many officers and men were listed as AWOL at one time or
another. And, although there were of course, many genuine deserters
from the 2nd Mississippi (and the reasons were many and
varied), please keep in mind that some of these men were not actually
deserters at all, but simply caught up in circumstances similar
to those discussed above. Thus, individuals researching ancestors
who were members of the regiment should not jump to conclusions
if they happen to see the terms "AWOL" or "deserter"
within the CMSR summaries unless it is made quite apparent from
additional information that these were truly deliberate acts by
the soldiers in question and not simply an unfortunate misclassification
in their records.
of the field titles in the listings should be self-explanatory.
"ROH" stands for Roll
of Honor, a Confederate award for bravery in battle. There were
generally two "Terms" of service for the men who mustered
into the regiment. The early volunteers were for the most part enrolled
for a 12-month term of service. Most re-enlisted for "three
years or the war" when the regiment reorganized in April 1862.
Those who became members of the regiment in 1862 and later, generally
enlisted for 3-years or the war.
Listing Roster (Note: Large page - 376kB - will be slow-loading
for people with standard modem connections. Please be patient):
If you have a particular soldier in mind, this listing will show
you the appropriate company roster to go to for a full summary of
his Compiled Military Service Records. If the soldier served in
more than one company, his full listing may be found in either.
individual companies were assembled at Corinith in early May 1861,
assigned letters and were organized into the 2nd Mississippi
Infantry Regiment on 3 May 1861 with the election of regimental
addition to the rosters listed below, for additional information,
especially with respect to places of burial, dates of birth and
death, and full names for many of the members of the regiment, please
also see Fred Cox's 2nd Mississippi listing at his Tippah
County Confederates website.
A - Tishomingo Riflemen - Tishomingo County: Mustered into State
service at Corinth on 20 February 1861. Its officers were commissioned
on 30 April 1861.
B - O'Connor Rifles - Tippah County: Mustered into State service
at Ripley on 4 March 1861. The Governor commissioned its officers
on 4 February 1861. The company was presented a flag by Mrs. Judge
Green; it marched to Saulsbury, Tennessee and took the train to
C - Town Creek Riflemen - Itawamba County: Mustered into State
service at Verona on 27 February 1861.
D - Joe Matthews Rifles (also called the Beck Rifles) - Tippah
County: Mustered into State service at Toombs' Store on 9 March
E - Calhoun Rifles - Itawamba County: Mustered into State service
on 18 February 1861.
F - Magnolia Rifles - Tippah County: Mustered into State service
on 4 March 1861 at Ripley. Presented a flag by Mrs. W. R. Cole on
30 April 1861.
G - Pontotoc Minute Men - Pontotoc County: Mustered into State
service at Pontotoc on 2 March 1861. For additional information
on individual members of this company, please see Bob
Thompson's roster of Company G.
H - Coonewah Rifles - Pontotoc County: Mustered into State service
at Chesterville on 1 March 1861.
I - Cherry Creek Rifles - Pontotoc County: Officers commissioned
by the Governor on 1 April 1861.
K - Iuka Rifles - Tishomingo County: Mustered into State service
at Iuka on 6 April 1861.
L - Liberty Guards - Tippah County: Enrolled on 5 March 1862
at Ripley for three years. This company joined the regiment at Fredericksburg,
Virginia on 6 April 1862.